Deadliest Enemies: Law and Race Relations on and off the Rosebud Reservation examines the nature of law in America as it impinges on the everyday lives of the Lakota Nation people living on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota. Anthropologist Thomas Biolsi points to the contradictory nature of race, sovereignty, and nationhood ideas among the Lakota People and their neighbours surrounding the reservation. These conflicting ideas and laws provide the setting for everyday interactions that bring together the deadliest enemies of Indian People, the non-Indian neighbours.
On the Drafting of Tribal Constitutions presents the original work of Felix S. Cohen (1907-1953) edited by David S. Wilkins. The importance of the original memorandum first submitted to the American federal government in 1934 by Cohen is his perspective on the nature of Native American self-government in the USA. As a staff member of the Department of the Interior Cohen was in a unique position for the implementation Indian Reorganization Act in 1934. His views on Indian tribal governance are discussed by Watkins in the introductory essay.
Two CBC investigative journalists wrote this true crime book about the untimely death of 17-year-old Neal Stonechild in November 1990. Saskatoon police were known for their racist treatment of First Nations living within the city. When the youth's frozen body was found three days after he disappeared, the authorities termed the death a misadventure. The boy's mother pushed insistently for answers but these were not forthcoming until a decade later when two additional First Nations men were also found dead on the outskirts of town.
Collection of 13 essays first issued in French as Autochtonie et gouvernance. In his text the essays have been translated into English and should be of interest to scholars interested in the Quebec perspective regarding First Nations and Inuit legal and self-government issues. Of particular interest is the essay by Andree Lajoie, Henry Quillinan, Rod Macdonald and Guy Rocher about Legal Pluralism a Kahnawake?
Stolen Life is a book written as collaboration between Rudy Wiebe and Yvonne Johnson that provides readers with insight into the life of a convicted murderer. Yvonne Johnson is the direct descendent of Chief Big Bear. Her abuse-filled childhood and the subsequent years of poverty, alcoholism, drug abuse and physical abuse are placed into context as she recounts her life story while serving a life sentence for murder. She finds the beginning of a healing journey while serving her sentence at Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge for Native Women in Saskatchewan.
First Nations Peoples is the revised and updated second edition of a textbook developed for Police Foundations/Law and Security courses by Emond Montgomery Publications. The goal of the authors was to provide recruits with a basic understanding about the cultural and historical diversity of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. The text provides an overview of First Nations cultures prior to European contact, the various theories about the origins of First Nations, the impact of colonization, treaties, the Indian Act, and contemporary issues that relate to socioeconomic factors and justice.
As a Crown Attorney working with First Nations in remote northwestern Ontario, Rupert Ross learned that he was routinely misinterpreting the behaviour of Aboriginal victims, witnesses, and offenders, both in and out of court. He discovered that he regularly drew wrong conclusions when he encountered witnesses who wouldn't make eye contact, victims who wouldn't testify in the presence of the accused, and parents who showed great reluctance to interfere in their children's offending behaviour.
An examination of three contemporary systems of justice in Coast Salish communities in the United States and Canada provide a new perspective on the role legal anthropology plays in understanding the ways traditional laws confront contemporary justice issues. Taking the examples of Upper Skagit Justice in the United States and the Stó:lö Nation and the South Island Justice Project in Canada, Miller examines the inherent problems local communities face when attempting to design self-governing justice systems.
Embraced with zeal by a wide array of activists and policymakers, the restorative justice movement has made promises to reduce the disproportionate rates of Aboriginal involvement in crime and the criminal justice system and to offer a healing model suitable to Aboriginal communities. Such promises should be the focus of considerable critical analysis and evaluation, yet this kind of scrutiny has largely been absent. Will the Circle be Unbroken? explores and confronts the potential and pitfalls of restorative justice, offering a much-needed critical perspective.
History and Canadian Studies professor Shelagh Grant's award-winning Arctic Justice: On Trial for Murder, Pond Inlet, 1923 is a reconstruction of the tragic events when a crazed white fur trader was killed by an Inuk, and authorities put Nuqallaq and two other Baffin Island Inuit on trial. The Canadian government saw Robert Janes's death as murder; the Inuit saw it as removing a threat from their society according to custom. Nuqallaq was sentenced to ten years hard labour in Stony Mountain Penitentiary where he contracted tuberculosis. He died shortly after being returned to Pond Inlet.