In "Real" Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native Peoples and Indigenous Nationhood, Bonita Lawrence draws on the first-person accounts of thirty Toronto residents of Aboriginal descent, as well as archival materials, sociological research, and her own urban Aboriginal heritage and experiences. She sheds light on the Canadian government's efforts to define First Nations identity through the years by means of the Indian Act and shows how policies such as residential schooling, loss of Indian status, and adoption have affected Aboriginal identity. Lawrence looks at how First Nations people with "Indian status" react and respond to nonstatus people and how reserve-based and other federally recognized First Nations and Inuit people attempt to impose an identity on urban Aboriginal people. Drawing on extensive interviews, she describes the devastating loss of community that has resulted from identity legislation and how urban Aboriginal people have wrestled with their past and current identities. Lawrence also addresses the future and explores the forms of nation-building that can reconcile the differences in experiences and distinct agendas of urban and reserve-based Aboriginal communities. Bonita Lawrence is an assistant professor at York University, in Toronto, where she teaches anti-racism and Native Studies.