Indigenous Peoples and Dementia: New Understandings of Memory Loss and Memory Care is edited by Wendy Hulko, Danielle Wilson, and Jean E. Balestrery. In 2017 Canada passed legislation to create a national dementia strategy. Commissioned provincial reports refer to the reduction of the ‘economic burden of dementia’ with little emphasis on persons with dementia as citizens who had rights to dignity and care. This book addresses memory loss and memory care in Indigenous communities, which is rising, in efforts to achieve health equity in coalescence with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The types and causes of dementia in Indigenous communities differ from those of other populations according to the authors. Research on the meanings that Indigenous people, particularly Elders, ascribe to memory loss identifies different interpretations of assessment and care. Indigenous Knowledge translation, Indigenous research methodologies and working in collaboration with communities and Nations reflects a decolonizing approach in the research for this book. Knowledge translation and exchange paradigm as dynamic, participatory, integrated into family and community activities, but also repeated and intergenerational, supports a cultural safe approach as one of relationality and connectedness. The naming and meaning of dementia, culture-fair diagnosis for different ethnic groups such as the Grasshoppers and Geese test or the Canadian Indigenous Cognitive Assessment are discussed. The book includes storytelling as medicine among Indigenous people to pass traditional values, principles of living, and knowledge about memory loss and memory care to future generations. The first part of this book, Prevalence, Causes, and Public Discourse, addresses the complexities of memory loss and dementia in Indigenous communities. In part 2, Indigenous Perspectives on Care and Prevention includes lived experiences, traditional knowledge, and community insights. In Part 3, Applying Theory and Knowledge to Practice applies research to practice. Each chapter has notes and references. There is a concluding chapter on health equity and social justice. There are acknowledgements and an index.