Samuel De Champlain Before 1604: Des Sauvages and Other Documents Relating to the Period is the 2010 publication of The Champlain Society and McGill-Queen's University Press edited by Conrad E. Heidenreich and K. Janet Ritch. This bilingual edition of the collated text of Des Sauvages, with previously unpublished documents regarding Champlain's life, and essays by two leading experts offers new interpretations on Champlain and the language he used to record his adventures. Samuel de Champlain (c. 1575-1635) is often called the Father of New France for founding the settlement that became Quebec City, governing New France, and mapping much of the St. Lawrence and eastern Great Lakes region. Champlain was also a prolific writer who documented his experiences in the Americas, including his travels, impressions of the North America, and encounters and alliances with First Nations. Providing the documents in both English translation and the original French or Spanish, this meticulous, well-researched work includes a comprehensive introduction that provides biographical information, details about Champlain's early career, his connections at court, the military and political context underlying French imperialism, and the royal policies that allowed trade and colonization in the Americas. The work contains an extensive index, and appendices including Champlain's Birthdate and Appearance, Champlain's Signature and Titles, Chronology to 1604, French Measures of Distance, Weight, and Coinage, and Champlain's Des Sauvages and Edward Hayes's Treatise.