Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920-1980s is the story of Canada’s system of segregated health care. Operated by the same bureaucracy that was expanding health care opportunities for most Canadians, the Indian Hospitals were underfunded, understaffed, overcrowded, and rife with coercion and medical experimentation. Established to keep the First Nations and Inuit tuberculosis population isolated, they became a means of ensuring that other Canadians need not share access to modern hospitals with Indigenous patients.
Freedom and Indigenous Constitutionalism by John Borrows demonstrates how Canada’s constitutional structures marginalize Indigenous peoples’ ability to exercise power in the real world, John Borrows uses Ojibwe law, stories, and principles to suggest alternative ways in which Indigenous peoples can work to enhance freedom.
Creating Colonial Pasts: History, Memory, and Commemoration in Southern Ontario, 1860-1980 explores the creation of history and memory in Southern Ontario through the experience of its inhabitants, especially those who took an active role in the preservation and writing of Ontario’s colonial past: the founder of the Niagara Historical Society, Janet Carnochan; twentieth-century Six Nations historians Elliott Moses and Milton Martin; and Celia B. File, high-school teacher and historian of Mary Brant.
In The Colonial Problem: An Indigenous Perspective on Crime and Injustice in Canada, Lisa Monchalin challenges the myth of the so-called Indian problem and encourages readers to view the crimes and injustices affecting Indigenous peoples from a more culturally aware position. She analyzes the consequences of assimilation policies, dishonoured treaty agreements, manipulative legislation, and systematic racism, arguing that the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in the Canadian criminal justice system is not an Indian problem but a colonial one.
Glimpses of Oneida Life is a remarkable compilation of modern stories of community life at the Oneida Nation of the Thames Settlement and the surrounding area. With topics ranging from work experiences and Oneida customs to pranks, humorous encounters, and ghost stories, these fifty-two unscripted narrations and conversations in Oneida represent a rare collection of first-hand Iroquoian reflections on aspects of daily life and culture not found in print elsewhere.
From Recognition to Reconciliation: Essays on the Constitutional Entrenchment of Aboriginal and Treaty Rights is a collection essays by 20 Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars about the current understandings surrounding Aboriginal and Treaty Rights. More than thirty years ago, section 35 of the Constitution Act recognized and affirmed the existing Aboriginal and treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada.
From New Peoples to New Nations: Aspects of Métis History and Identity from the Eighteenth to Twenty-first Century is a broad historical account of the emergence of the Métis as distinct peoples in North America over the last three hundred years. Examining the cultural, economic, and political strategies through which communities define their boundaries, Gerhard J. Ens and Joe Sawchuk trace the invention and reinvention of Métis identities from the late eighteenth century to the present day.
Tuscarora-English/English-Tuscarora Dictionary is an important contribution to the study of the Tuscarora language. Designed for Tuscarora people learning their language, as well as anthropologists, historians, language teachers, and linguists, this 2015 paper edition of the dictionary includes the work of previous scholars and the work of linguist Blair Rudes. The dictionary contains a Tuscarora/English, English/Tuscarora, an index of proper names, index of interjections and expressive vocabulary, and index to grammatical morphemes.
The Onondaga-English/English-Onondaga Dictionary is the result of Hanni Woodbury's thirty years of research and collaboration with contemporary speakers and her study of nineteenth- and twentieth-century text sources. Onondaga is an Iroquoian language spoken at the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory, near Brantford, Ontario, and at Onondaga Nation, near Syracuse, New York. Once spoken by a large Iroquoian population in New York State, Onondaga is now spoken by only a small number of individuals.
On Being Here to Stay: Treaties and Aboriginal Rights in Canada by anthropologist Michael Asch, professor emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Alberta, offers readers and examination of the numbered treaties in a unique manner. He asks the questions: What, other than numbers and power, justifies Canada’s assertion of sovereignty and jurisdiction over the country’s vast territory? Why should Canada’s original inhabitants have to ask for rights to what was their land when non-Aboriginal people first arrived?